Johann Kaspar Bluntschli

Johann Kaspar Bluntschli

Swiss lawyer and statesman
Date of Birth: 07.03.1808
Country: Switzerland

Content:
  1. Biography of Johann Kaspar Bluntschli
  2. Early Career and Political Activism
  3. Move to Munich and Academic Achievements
  4. Contributions to Military and International Law
  5. Later Years and Legacy

Biography of Johann Kaspar Bluntschli

Johann Kaspar Bluntschli (1808–1881) was a Swiss lawyer and statesman known for his contributions to military and international law. He was born on March 7, 1808, in Zurich. Bluntschli received his education at the Institute of Politics in Zurich, as well as the universities of Berlin and Bonn.

Early Career and Political Activism

In 1830, Bluntschli began his political career as a supporter of constitutional reform. He was appointed a professor of law at the University of Zurich in 1833. In 1837, he was elected as a member of the Great Council of Zurich, and in 1844, he became its president.

Move to Munich and Academic Achievements

In 1847, Bluntschli settled in Munich and a year later, he was appointed as a professor of constitutional law at the University of Munich. Among his notable works are "General State Law" (Allgemeines Staatsrecht, Abtl. 1–2, 1851–1852) and a four-volume "Private Law Code for the Canton of Zurich" (Privatrechtliches Gesetzbuch fr den Kanton Zrich, 1854–1856). The code included a chapter on contracts that became part of the laws not only in Swiss cantons but also in several other countries.

Contributions to Military and International Law

Bluntschli's most notable contributions lie in the fields of military and international law. His book "Modern Military Law" (Das moderne Kriegsrecht, 1866) served as the foundation for the documents of the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907. Another significant work by Bluntschli was "Modern International Law" (Das moderne Vlkerrecht, 1868), which was considered a canonical text in its field for many years. In 1873, Bluntschli became one of the founders of the Institute of International Law in Ghent.

Later Years and Legacy

Bluntschli moved to Baden in 1866 and advocated for Baden's neutrality during the Austro-Prussian War. He passed away in Karlsruhe on October 21, 1881. Bluntschli's contributions to the fields of military and international law continue to be recognized and influential to this day.

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