Kyosti Kallio

Kyosti Kallio

Finnish politician, President of Finland
Date of Birth: 10.04.1873
Country: Finland

  1. Biography of Kyosti Kallio
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Political Career
  4. Presidential and Later Years

Biography of Kyosti Kallio

Kyosti Kallio was a Finnish political figure who served as the President of Finland and the Prime Minister of Finland from 1922 to 1924, 1925 to 1926, 1929 to 1930, and 1936 to 1937. He was associated with the right-wing of the Agrarian Union party.

Early Life and Education

Kyosti Kallio was born on April 10, 1873, in Ylivieska, Finland, to a farming family. He received a high level of education and became a prominent landowner in Nivala. Kallio held important positions in the local community and was greatly influenced by Mauno Rusendal, the rector of the Finnish Lyceum in Oulu and leader of the constitutionalist pietists. He also became acquainted with writer Santeri Alkio during his time in a youth society.

Political Career

In 1904, Kallio was elected as a representative for the Piippola district in the Peasant Estate of the Finnish Diet. He played a key role in the struggle for Finland's independence, leading the agricultural commission in the Senate under Oscar Tokoi, Per Evinde Svinhufvud, and Juhu Kusti Paasikivi.

During the Finnish Civil War, Kallio strongly condemned the violent methods used by the Reds and was forced to go into hiding in Helsinki, which was under their control. However, after the war, he advocated for restraint and called for the construction of a united Finland where there were no Reds or Whites, only Finnish citizens who loved their country.

Kallio focused primarily on agrarian policies and resolving land-related issues. He was known for his opposition to communism and disbanded the Communist Party of Finland through a surgical operation in 1923. He also attempted to develop anti-communist legislation, which led to the emergence of the Lapua Movement.

Presidential and Later Years

In 1937, Kallio was elected as the President of Finland. His presidency was marked by achieving social reconciliation and national unity. Kallio formed a majority government with the Agrarian Union and the Social Democratic Party, with Aimo Kaarlo Cajander as the Prime Minister. During the Winter War negotiations, Kallio took an uncompromising position to protect Finland's territorial integrity.

After the war, Kallio emphasized the need to rebuild the nation and solve the issue of resettling refugees from the Soviet-occupied territories. However, his power was significantly diminished, and he suffered a stroke, leading to Risto Ryti assuming his responsibilities. Kallio resigned from the presidency on November 27, 1940, and passed away on December 19, 1940, due to a heart attack.