Leopold Buh

Leopold Buh

German geologist.
Date of Birth: 26.04.1774
Country: Germany

  1. Leopold von Buch: A German Geologist
  2. A Pioneer Field Geologist
  3. Legacy and Honors

Leopold von Buch: A German Geologist

Leopold von Buch was a German geologist from a noble family in Uckermark. He studied alongside Alexander von Humboldt at the Freiberg Mining Academy under Abraham Gottlob Werner, the founder of geology in Germany. Initially a follower of neptunism as a student of Werner, he later changed his perspective and became a plutonist.

A Pioneer Field Geologist

Buch extensively traveled across various parts of Europe and is considered one of the first field geologists. He initially studied the phenomenon of volcanism and later turned his attention to the study of fossils. He introduced the concept of index fossils and is regarded as one of the founders of stratigraphy. His scientific definition of the Jurassic rock system, published in 1839, is considered one of his most significant contributions.

In 1826, he published the first complete geological map of Germany. His geological description of the Caldera de Taburiente valley on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands introduced the concept of a caldera as a collapsed volcano summit in geology.

On May 31, 1842, von Buch, along with others, was awarded the "Pour le Mérite for Science and Art" order. In the same year, he received the Wollaston Medal from the Geological Society of London.

Legacy and Honors

In recognition of his contributions to the understanding of volcanic craters, a crater on the Moon is named after Buch. One Intercity-Express train and several streets also bear his name. His name is also present in the specific epithet of various plant species, such as Lavandula buchii from the Canary Islands.

Leopold von Buch's work and discoveries continue to shape the field of geology and his contributions to the understanding of Earth's geological history are highly regarded.