Ludvik Meroslavskiy

Ludvik Meroslavskiy

Polish revolutionary, general.
Date of Birth: 17.01.1814
Country: Poland

  1. Biography of Ludwik Mierosławski
  2. Early Life and Revolutionary Activities
  3. Political Activities and Imprisonment
  4. Leadership and Exile
  5. Later Years and Legacy

Biography of Ludwik Mierosławski

Early Life and Revolutionary Activities

Ludwik Mierosławski was a Polish revolutionary and general who was born in the family of Adam Kasper Mierosławski and Camilla Notte de Vaupleux in 1785. In 1820, his family moved to the Kingdom of Poland, where Ludwik received his education in schools in Łomża and Kalisz. He joined the military service in the 5th Infantry Regiment and actively participated in the 1830 uprising. After the revolt, Mierosławski fled to Austrian Galicia and later settled in France, where he became associated with various radical emigrant organizations.

Political Activities and Imprisonment

From 1834, Mierosławski was a member of the organization "Young Poland" and in 1838, he joined the Literary Society in Paris. In 1839, he became a part of the Polish Emigration Union and in 1843, he joined the Polish Democratic Society, eventually holding a leadership position. Advocating for armed uprising in Poland, Mierosławski was appointed as the commander-in-chief of the planned uprising in the Greater Poland region, which was under Prussian rule. However, he was arrested in February 1846 and sentenced to death by a Berlin court in 1847. His sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment, but he was released in March 1848 during the Berlin Revolution.

Leadership and Exile

Upon his release, Mierosławski traveled to Poznań and began organizing Polish volunteer squads. Initially, the Prussian authorities engaged in negotiations with him, but when Mierosławski demanded the German part of Poznań for the future Polish kingdom and began terrorizing the German population, General Karl Wilhelm von Willisen quickly subdued the insurgents and forced Mierosławski to surrender near the Russian border. He was pardoned in June 1848 due to the intervention of French diplomats.

Later Years and Legacy

In March-April 1849, Mierosławski commanded an unsuccessful campaign against the Bourbons in Sicily. He then led the rebel forces in Baden but was defeated by Prussian troops under General Eduard Vogel von Falckenstein. He relinquished his command and returned to Paris. In 1853, he founded the Polish Circle, a political group for Polish emigrants. In 1860, Mierosławski commanded the International Legion in Garibaldi's army. In 1861, he served as the head of the Polish-Italian Military School in Genoa.

During the Polish uprising of 1863, Mierosławski arrived in Poland and was proclaimed the dictator of the uprising. However, his group was defeated by the forces of Commander Schiller-Szulcner near the Krzywosądz forest. Mierosławski managed to escape and returned to Paris. In 1865, he revived the Democratic Society with a group of supporters but was later removed from his position and expelled from the society in 1870 due to internal conflicts and intrigues. Ludwik Mierosławski's works include "History of the Polish Revolution" (1836-1838) and "Memoirs of Mierosławski, 1861-1863" (1924).