Margarete Klose

Margarete Klose

German opera singer, contralto
Date of Birth: 06.08.1899
Country: Germany

Biography of Margarete Klose

Margarete Klose, born Frida Klose on August 6, 1899 (according to other sources, 1902), was a German opera singer and contralto. She lost her father at a young age and had to work as a secretary to make a living. It was a colleague who recognized her beautiful voice and evident musical talent and advised her to audition for the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory in Berlin. Klose was accepted and dedicated herself to intensive studies for six years, starting from scratch unlike most students.

Margarete Klose

In 1926, Klose received an invitation to perform at the opera in Ulm, where she developed a diverse repertoire, singing both in operas and operettas. Her debut role in Ulm was as Manja in Imre Kálmán's operetta "Gräfin Mariza," followed by the role of Azucena in Verdi's "Il trovatore." For the next three years, she worked in Ulm and Kassel.

Margarete Klose

In 1928, Klose married director and vocal pedagogue Walter Bültemann, whom she met in Ulm. She then moved on to the National Theatre Mannheim, where she performed from 1929 to 1931, singing numerous contralto and mezzo-soprano roles. In 1931, she made her debut at the Berlin State Opera as Azucena. She became a permanent artist at the Berlin State Opera and worked there from 1931 to 1949, and again from 1955 to 1961. From 1949 to 1958, Klose also performed at the Deutsche Oper Berlin.

Margarete Klose

Klose regularly toured in leading opera houses worldwide, including the Vienna State Opera, Royal Opera House Covent Garden in London, Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Semperoper in Dresden, Nationaltheater München, Hamburgische Staatsoper, Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires, La Monnaie in Brussels, San Francisco Opera, and Los Angeles Opera. Since 1935, she also gave solo concerts. From 1936 to 1942, Klose performed annually at the Bayreuth Festival, gaining recognition, particularly for her role as Brangäne in Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde." She also sang at the Wagner Festival in Sopot in 1935 and the Salzburg Festival in 1949 and 1955.

In 1946, when renowned Wagnerian soprano Frida Leider gave her farewell concert, Klose sang alongside her. In 1961, Klose retired from the stage and focused on teaching. During the summers, she regularly conducted master classes at the Mozarteum in Salzburg.

Margarete Klose passed away on December 14, 1968, at the age of 69, and was buried in Berlin. Her repertoire included a diverse range of roles, such as Klytämnestra in Strauss' "Elektra," Ortrud, Adriano in Wagner's "Rienzi," Eboli, Amneris, Ulrica, and many others. She also excelled in performing German composers' lieder and oratorios. Her solo performances for contralto in Bach's Mass in B minor, St. Matthew Passion, Messiah, and Beethoven's Missa solemnis were considered exemplary not only in terms of vocal technique but also stylistically.

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