Moshe Feldenkrays

Moshe Feldenkrays

Physicist and founder of the Feldenkrais method
Date of Birth: 06.05.1904
Country: Israel

  1. Biography of Moshe Feldenkrais
  2. Early Life
  3. The Development of Feldenkrais Method
  4. Life During World War II
  5. The Feldenkrais Method

Biography of Moshe Feldenkrais

Early Life

Moshe Feldenkrais, the physicist and founder of the Feldenkrais Method, was born on May 6, 1904, in the Ukrainian city of Slavuta, which was part of the Russian Empire at the time. In 1912, his family moved to Baranovichi, now in Belarus. He underwent Bar Mitzvah and attended middle school for two years. In 1918, he embarked on a six-month journey to Palestine. Upon his return in 1923, he attended middle school once again and completed it in 1925 before working as a cartographer. During this time, he became interested in self-defense techniques and studied Jiu-Jitsu.

The Development of Feldenkrais Method

In 1929, Feldenkrais severely injured his left knee during a football match. His desire to heal his injured knee greatly influenced the development of his method. In 1930, Feldenkrais went to Paris and enrolled in the Ecole des Travaux Publics des Paris, an engineering college. In 1933, after meeting Jigoro Kano, the founder of Judo, he returned to studying Jiu-Jitsu and began learning Judo. In the same year, Feldenkrais started working as a junior scientific collaborator under the guidance of Frederic Joliot-Curie at the Institute of Radium in the University of Paris. From 1935 to 1937, he worked on the construction of a Van de Graaff generator. From 1939 to 1940, he conducted research on magnetism and ultrasound under the supervision of Paul Langevin. He married Iona Rubenstein in 1938.

Life During World War II

Following the German invasion of Paris, Feldenkrais fled to England in 1940, taking with him a container of heavy water and instructions for its production. Until 1946, he served as a scientific officer in the British Admiralty, working on a system for detecting submarines. In 1942, he published self-defense manuals. During this time, he also focused on improving his own physical condition to alleviate the pain in his knee, which had intensified after escaping from France.

The Feldenkrais Method

In 1946, Feldenkrais moved to London, where he published his first book dedicated to his method, "Body and Mature Behavior," in 1949. During this time, he studied the works of Gurdjieff, F.M. Alexander, and William Bates. In 1952, upon the recommendation of one of his readers, he traveled to Switzerland to exchange experiences with Heinrich Jacoby. This encounter had a significant influence on the development of the Feldenkrais Method.