Paul Bourget

Paul Bourget

French critic and novelist
Date of Birth: 02.09.1852
Country: France

Biography of Paul Bourget

Paul Bourget, a French critic and novelist, was a staunch defender of Catholic views on society. Born on September 2, 1852, in Amiens, Bourget gained initial attention through his essays on contemporary psychology, titled "Essais de psychologie contemporaine" (1893) and "Nouveaux essais de psychologie contemporaine" (1895). In these works, he held Stendhal, Taine, and Renan responsible for the moral decline and pessimism of his generation.

However, Bourget's early novels, including "Cruelle nigme" (1885) and "Andr Cornlis" (1887), were influenced by Taine. It was in his novel "Le Disciple" (1889) that Bourget broke away from Taine, issuing a warning about the dangers of materialistic and deterministic views. Subsequently, all of Bourget's books criticized various social ills, such as cosmopolitanism in "Cosmopolis" (1893), social climbing in "L'tape" (1902), and the breakdown of the family in "Un Divorce" (1904).

Bourget consistently defended Catholic views on society, and his religious beliefs were more directly expressed in his novels "Le Dmon du Midi" (1914) and "Le Sens de la mort" (1915). He passed away in Paris on December 9, 1935.