Remus Woyrsch

Remus Woyrsch

German Field Marshal (1917).
Date of Birth: 02.09.1847
Country: Germany

  1. Biography of Remus Voyrsch
  2. Early Career
  3. Commander and Leader
  4. World War I
  5. Army Group Voyrsch

Biography of Remus Voyrsch

Remus Voyrsch was a German General Field Marshal (1917) who had a long and distinguished military career. He joined the 1st Guard Infantry Regiment in April 1866, starting as a Lieutenant. Throughout his career, Voyrsch held various positions of increasing responsibility and leadership within the German military.

Early Career

In 1873, Voyrsch became the Regimental Adjutant, and in 1876 he served as the Adjutant of the 2nd Guard Infantry Brigade. From 1878 to 1879 and again from 1882 to 1889, he served in the General Staff. In 1879, Voyrsch became the commander of a company, and from 1889 to 1892, he commanded the battalion of the 1st Guard Infantry Regiment.

Commander and Leader

In 1892, Voyrsch became the Chief of Staff of the VII Army Corps, and from 1894 to 1896, he commanded the Guards Corps. He continued to rise through the ranks, becoming the commander of the Guards Fusilier Regiment in 1896, the 4th Infantry Brigade in 1897, and the 12th Division in 1901. From 1903 to 1910, Voyrsch commanded the VI Army Corps before retiring in 1911.

World War I

When World War I broke out in 1914, Voyrsch was called back into service and appointed as the commander of the Silesian Landwehr Corps. This corps, consisting of two landwehr divisions and 72 guns, was deployed on the Breslau direction and operated under the command of General M. Pritytsa und Gaffron's 8th Army. Voyrsch played a crucial role in coordinating the actions between German and Austro-Hungarian forces and consistently supported the allies with his corps, which surpassed the Austro-Hungarian troops in combat capabilities.

During the Galician Battle in 1914, Voyrsch's corps was directed to reinforce the right flank of the 1st Austro-Hungarian Army. However, on August 28th (September 9th), the corps suffered a severe defeat alongside the Austro-Hungarian forces and was forced to retreat, losing almost all of the artillery of the 4th Landwehr Division and 5,000 prisoners. Despite this setback, Voyrsch was awarded the Pour le Merite order on October 25th, 1914.

Army Group Voyrsch

On November 3rd, 1914, Voyrsch's corps was transformed into the Army Group "Voyrsch." By January 1915, he commanded not only the landwehr corps but also the 1st (General V. Dankl) and 2nd (General E. Bohm-Ermolli) Austro-Hungarian armies. Voyrsch's landwehr corps, now commanded by Lieutenant General G. von Konig, consisted of the 3rd (Lieutenant General von Rises) and 4th (Lieutenant General von Wegerer) landwehr divisions and Lieutenant General von Bredow's landwehr division.

Voyrsch continued to lead his group in operations in Silesia and Poland as part of the German Eastern Front. On July 23rd, 1915, he was awarded oak leaves to the Pour le Merite order. In late June 1916, Voyrsch's group, consisting of the XXV Reserve, III, and XXP Austro-Hungarian corps, and III German Landwehr Corps, faced the 4th Russian Army of the Western Front in the Baranovichi region. He successfully defended the front, preventing the breakthrough of the Russian forces and inflicting significant damage on the enemy.

From August 29th to December 31st, 1916, Voyrsch served as the Commander-in-Chief of the Army Group Voyrsch, which was established to stabilize the front after the defeat of Austro-Hungarian forces during the Brusilov Offensive and the entry of Romania into the war. However, on December 15th, 1917, Voyrsch was retired from active service.