Rene Coty

Rene Coty

President of France (1954-1959).
Date of Birth: 20.03.1882
Country: France

  1. Biography of René Coty
  2. Political Career
  3. Transition of Power
  4. Legacy

Biography of René Coty

René Coty was a French statesman who served as the President of France from 1954 to 1959. He was born on March 20, 1882, in Le Havre, France. Coty was the second and final president of the Fourth Republic and formally the first president of the Fifth Republic, which was established in October 1958.

Political Career

After a long and challenging electoral process, Coty was elected as the President of France in 1953. However, his presidency was characterized by inconsistent policies towards the Soviet Union. His government's ill-advised actions led to France's defeat in both the Indochina War and the Algerian War between 1954 and 1962.

Transition of Power

In January 1959, Coty handed over power to Charles de Gaulle after early elections. Despite his controversial tenure, Coty played a significant role in shaping the modern French political landscape. His signature can still be found on the current Constitution of France.


René Coty's presidency marked a turbulent period in French history. His policies and actions had a profound impact on the country's involvement in international conflicts. Although his presidency was marred by military setbacks, Coty's role as the last president of the Fourth Republic and the first president of the Fifth Republic remains a significant chapter in French politics.