Robert Ley

Robert Ley

Reichsleiter, head of the Organizational Department of the NSDAP and at the same time head of the German Labor Front.
Date of Birth: 15.02.1890
Country: Germany

  1. Biography of Robert Ley
  2. Political Career
  3. Leadership of the German Labor Front
  4. Vision for Worker's Rights
  5. Post-War Trial and Death

Biography of Robert Ley

Robert Ley, born on February 15, 1890, in Niederbreidenbach, was a prominent figure in the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) and a leader of the German Labor Front. Ley initially joined the NSDAP as one of its earliest members and quickly rose through the ranks. He was a rival of Gregor Strasser and eventually aligned himself with Adolf Hitler, who appreciated Ley's loyalty and supported his career.

Political Career

In 1928, Ley was elected to the Prussian Landtag, and in 1930, he became a member of the Reichstag. From 1931 to 1934, he served as the Gauleiter of Rhineland. After Hitler's rise to power, Ley took control of the Prussian State Council and attempted to consolidate power for himself. However, Hermann Göring, who did not want any rivals in Prussia, opposed Ley's ambitions.

Leadership of the German Labor Front

On May 2, 1933, with Hitler's approval, Ley assumed leadership of the "Action Committee for the Protection of German Labor." Under his command, the offices of all trade unions were occupied, and their leaders were arrested. Within a few days, Ley had complete control over all trade union organizations in Germany and became the undisputed dictator as the head of the German Labor Front.

Vision for Worker's Rights

Ley often emphasized his commitment to the workers, stating, "Your institutions, workers, are sacred and inviolable for us National Socialists. I am the son of poor peasants myself and know what poverty is. I pledge to you that we will not only preserve what you have but also expand the rights of the working person so that they can enter the new National Socialist state as equal and respected members of the nation."

Post-War Trial and Death

In 1940, Ley published the book "Wir alle helfen dem Fuehrer" ("We All Help the Fuehrer") in Munich. However, his career took a dark turn after World War II. On October 20, 1945, Ley faced charges before the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg. Upset and emotional, he questioned how he could prepare a defense against crimes of which he claimed to have had no knowledge. Distraught, Ley was found strangled in his cell on October 24. In a final note, he expressed his inability to bear the shame any longer.

Despite his initial prominence and influence within the Nazi party, Robert Ley's downfall and tragic end reflected the dark consequences of his involvement in one of history's most devastating regimes.