Stepan Garanin

Stepan Garanin

Date of Birth: 12.12.1898
Country: Belarus

Biography of Stepan Garanin

Colonel Stepan Garanin was born in Belarus. He completed rural school and started working at the age of 17. He was conscripted into the Tsarist army and held the rank of non-commissioned officer before the October Revolution. Since 1918, he served in the Red Army and joined the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in January 1919. He participated in the Civil War and fought against Denikin’s forces. From September 1920 to May 1921, he was captured by the White Poles but managed to escape.

After returning from captivity, Garanin graduated from the Higher Border School and served in the border troops. Until October 1937, he was the commander of the 15th border detachment in Belarus. He was awarded the Badge of Honor of the Cheka-OGPU, the certificate of the Central Executive Committee of the BSSR, and combat weapons. He held the rank of colonel. His wife's parents were classified as kulaks and were exiled to Kotlas. Before leaving for Kolyma, Garanin wrote on his questionnaire, "Received a severe reprimand in 1935 for contact with alien elements."

On December 1, 1937, he arrived in Kolyma and became the chief of the Sevvostlag on December 19, 1937. Garanin's name is associated with mass illegal repressions in the "Dalstroy" camps, which became known as the "Garanin era." However, there is no documentary evidence of any illegal repressions carried out by S. N. Garanin.

On September 27, 1938, he was arrested and on May 30, 1939, he was transported to Moscow and placed in Sukhanovskaya prison. On January 17, 1940, after a special meeting of the NKVD of the USSR, he was sentenced to eight years in corrective labor camps (ITL). Later, his sentence was extended. He died on July 3, 1950, in the Pechora corrective labor camp. On July 3, 1989, the investigators of the KGB of the USSR concluded that S. N. Garanin "falls under the provisions of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of January 16, 1989, 'On Additional Measures for the Restoration of Justice in Relation to the Victims of Repression in the Period of the 1930s-1950s.'" On February 6, 1990, Deputy Chief of the Supervision Department for the Enforcement of Laws on State Security, Interethnic and International Legal Affairs of the Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, L. F. Kosmarskaya, approved the mentioned conclusion regarding S. N. Garanin. Thus, Stepan Garanin was posthumously rehabilitated.