Thomas Huxley

Thomas Huxley

English zoologist and educator
Date of Birth: 04.05.1825
Country: Great Britain

  1. Biography of Thomas Huxley
  2. Champion of Darwin's Theory
  3. Early Life and Career
  4. Academic Achievements
  5. Legacy

Biography of Thomas Huxley

Thomas Huxley was an English zoologist and educator who dedicated his work to the fields of zoology and anthropology. He developed the foundations of vertebrate classification and expanded on the idea of the unity of their skull structure. Huxley demonstrated the morphological similarities between birds and reptiles, jellyfish and polyps.

Champion of Darwin's Theory

In 1859, after Charles Darwin published his work "On the Origin of Species," Huxley immediately became its main defender, participating in public debates on this subject for many years. In 1860, he engaged in a well-known dispute with the Bishop of Oxford, Samuel Wilberforce. In his 1863 book "Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature," Huxley openly declared the morphological similarity between humans and higher primates.

Early Life and Career

Thomas Huxley was born on May 4, 1825, in Ealing, near London. He completed his medical education at the Charing Cross Hospital School. He began his career as a naturalist aboard a military ship, serving as an assistant surgeon on a four-year expedition of the frigate "HMS Rattlesnake," which cruised near Australia. He studied marine organisms, which he collected using a wire basket for storing provisions, and sent the results of his research to England. His brilliant articles had such an impact on the scientific world that in 1850, shortly after his return to England, Huxley was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London.

Academic Achievements

In 1854, Huxley obtained a position as a paleontologist at the Museum of Practical Geology. He also lectured on natural history at the Royal School of Mines in London. Huxley served on the board of Eton College and was the Rector of the University of Aberdeen. He was also a member of the board of the University of London, a professor at the Royal College of Surgeons, a member of the board of Owen's College (later the University of Manchester), a professor at the British Institute, a member of the board of the International College, and the Dean of the British Science College.


Thomas Huxley passed away on June 29, 1895, in Eastbourne, Sussex. He left behind a significant legacy in the fields of zoology and anthropology, with his groundbreaking research and defense of Darwin's theory contributing to the advancement of scientific knowledge. Huxley's dedication to education and his numerous academic achievements solidified his reputation as one of the most influential figures in the scientific community.