Anatoliy Boyko

Anatoliy Boyko

Professor, scientist, founder of a new scientific direction in turbine construction
Date of Birth: 22.08.1939
Country: Ukraine

  1. Scientific Achievements
  2. Organizational Work and International Relations
  3. Contributions to the Field
  4. Publications and Recognition
  5. Education and Awards

Anatoliy Boyko - Professor, Scientist, Founder of a New Scientific Direction in Turboengineering

Anatoliy Boyko

Anatoliy Vladimirovich Boyko was born on August 22, 1939, in the city of Lokhvitsa, Poltava region, in a family of civil servants. He is a professor, scientist, founder of a new scientific direction in turboengineering - optimal design of turbomachinery, educator, and organizer of science and education.

Anatoliy Boyko

Scientific Achievements

His scientific research is dedicated to the development of fundamental principles for improving the gas dynamics of flow passages in axial turbines in order to increase their efficiency and reliability. Under his leadership and direct involvement, the following have been developed: the fundamentals of turbomachinery optimization theory, methods for optimal design of turbine profiles, determination of the optimal number of stages in turbines, and finding optimal laws for the twist of nozzle and rotor blades, both for individual stages and for groups of stages, including compartments and entire cylinders. His scientific works include theoretical, computational, and experimental research on profiles, stages, and compartments of high, medium, and low-pressure cylinders, covering almost the entire variety of stages in existing powerful turbines. In 1982, his monograph "Optimal Design of the Flow Part of Axial Turbines" was published, which was the first in the world to lay the theoretical foundations of a new scientific direction - turbomachinery optimization. Years of work were summarized in his doctoral dissertation, which was defended at the Academic Council of the Moscow Higher Technical School named after N.E. Bauman with the conclusion to consider the work a new scientific direction in turboengineering (optimal design of turbomachinery) in 1983. In 1984, he was awarded the title of professor.

Organizational Work and International Relations

Parallel to his scientific activities, Boyko has been involved in extensive organizational work as the Vice Rector for Academic Affairs and International Relations (1972-1985). He has devoted a lot of time and effort to the organization of training qualified engineers for foreign countries, establishing international friendly relations, activating international scientific cooperation between the Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute and universities and enterprises of foreign countries, and strengthening the institute's reputation in the world. In 1986, his book "Forever in my Heart" was published, which narrates this period of complex and noble work. From 1985 to 1999, Boyko worked in Geneva, Switzerland, as the Director of the Industrial and Technological Development Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

Contributions to the Field

During his tenure as Director, Boyko organized and conducted more than 40 international seminars, published 18 books - analytical studies devoted to the development problems of the aforementioned industries in UN member states. After completing his work at the UN in 2000, Boyko returned to his Alma mater and has been heading the Department of Turbomachinery since September 2004. In 2006, the Scientific Research Complex of Experimental Installations for the Study of Gas Dynamics and Thermal Processes in Turbomachinery of the Turbomachinery Department of the National Technical University 'Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute' was included in the State Register of Scientific Objects that constitute the national heritage of Ukraine, by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 665-r on December 27, 2006. The value of scientific developments under the guidance of Professor Boyko is confirmed by their wide use in the industry. Together with the team of Turboatom PJSC, powerful steam turbines of the new generation K-220-44-2M, K-330-23.5, and K-540-23.5 were created, significantly reducing the main indicator of the efficiency of thermal power plants - fuel consumption for the production of 1 kWh of electricity. This translates into millions of tons of saved fuel.

Publications and Recognition

Professor Boyko is the author of more than 170 articles, 6 patents, and 11 books, including 6 scientific monographs and 4 textbooks. Among them is the monograph "Optimal Design of the Flow Part of Axial Turbines," published in 2016 in the United States. The high level of his scientific research is also evident from the fact that in recent years, the results of his research have been presented in presentations at the 8th and 11th European Conferences on Turbomachinery (ETC8 - Austria, 2009; ETC11 - Spain, 2015), the 3rd and 4th Joint American-European Conference on Flow Machines (FEDSM2010 - Canada, 2010; FEDSM2014 - USA, 2014), and the 1st World Congress on Optimization in Engineering Industries (OPTi2014 - Greece, 2014).

Education and Awards

Under the guidance of Professor Boyko, 12 candidate dissertations and 3 doctoral dissertations have been defended. In 1956, he graduated from the Hadyach Secondary School No. 2 in the Poltava region with a gold medal. In 1961, he graduated with honors from the Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute (now the National Technical University 'Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute') with a degree in Turboengineering. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1967 at the Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute with a dissertation on the study of the performance of low aspect ratio stages in steam turbines. In 1983, he earned his Doctor of Technical Sciences degree at the Moscow Higher Technical School named after N.E. Bauman with a dissertation on "Optimal Design, Development, and Study of the Flow Part of Axial Turbines," with the conclusion of the specialized Academic Council to consider the "set of scientific provisions and results formulated and substantiated in the dissertation" as a new promising direction in the theory of turbomachinery. From 1972 to 1984, he held the position of Associate Professor, and from 1984 to the present, he has been a Professor. Throughout his career, Boyko has received numerous awards, including the State Prize of Ukraine in Science and Technology (1992), the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1980), the Order of Friendship of Peoples (1985), and the Medal "For Labor Valor" (1970).