Antoninus Pius

Antoninus Pius

Roman emperor
Date of Birth: 19.09.0086
Country: Italy

  1. Biography of Antoninus Pius
  2. Early Life and Career
  3. Reign as Emperor
  4. Legacy

Biography of Antoninus Pius

Antoninus Pius, born on July 7th, 138, was an Ancient Roman emperor who ruled from 138 to 161. His full name was Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus, but he was commonly referred to as Pius, which means "pious," due to his loyalty to his adoptive father, Emperor Hadrian.

Early Life and Career

Antoninus Pius had a successful career as a senator, eventually reaching the position of consul in 120. He became a trusted advisor to Emperor Hadrian, who adopted him shortly before his death in 138. As part of the adoption, Antoninus was required to adopt Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, who would become emperors after his own death.

Reign as Emperor

During his reign, Antoninus Pius managed to suppress several rebellions in provinces such as Mauretania, Dacia, Egypt, and Germany. In Britain, he ordered the construction of a wall, known as Hadrian's Wall, to defend against northern invasions. Additionally, after the death of his wife Faustina in 140 or 141, he established a fund to provide assistance to girls from impoverished families.


Antoninus Pius is remembered as a wise and just ruler who prioritized the well-being of his subjects. He maintained peace and stability throughout the Roman Empire and was known for his administrative abilities. His reign is often seen as a period of relative calm and prosperity for the empire.

Overall, Antoninus Pius left a lasting impact on Roman history, both through his successful governance and his adoption of future emperors. His dedication to his adoptive father and his commitment to the welfare of the empire's citizens earned him the title "Pius" and ensured his place in the annals of Roman emperors.