Artur Schnitzler

Artur Schnitzler

Austrian playwright
Date of Birth: 15.05.1862
Country: Austria

Biography of Arthur Schnitzler

Arthur Schnitzler was an Austrian playwright and author. He was born on May 15, 1862, in Vienna, Austria. In 1885, he received a degree in medicine but chose to pursue a career in literature instead. Schnitzler's works often explored psychological analysis and the reevaluation of cultural values, reflecting the refined literary tastes and critical stance towards society in Vienna during the first three decades of the 20th century.

One of Schnitzler's early plays, "Anatol," published in 1893, solidified his reputation as a master of impressionistic one-act poetry. The passionate affirmation of fleeting joys in life always clashed with the deceitfulness of societal norms, with enthusiasm giving way to boredom, and emotions proving to be fickle. His play "Reigen," published in 1900, showcased this theme.

"Spiel im Morgengrauen" (1927), "Fräulein Else" (1924), and "Traumnovelle" were examples of his mature prose, which often incorporated a sense of anguish, weariness, and indifference. These works added a poignant touch to Schnitzler's writing, emphasizing his lyrical style.

Throughout his career, Schnitzler remained a "Viennese" dramatist, with plays such as "Der einsame Weg" (1903), "Marionetten" (1906), "Professor Bernhardi" (1912), and "Komödie der Worte" (1915) reflecting the Viennese society and culture.

Schnitzler's early story "Sterben" (1895) displayed a naturalistic approach, but his later prose was heavily influenced by writers like Gustave Flaubert and Guy de Maupassant. In his novel "Leutnant Gustl" (1901), Schnitzler was among the first in German literature to employ the technique of "interior monologue."

In addition to his literary works, Schnitzler also explored the Jewish community in Vienna in his novel "Der Weg ins Freie" (1908). His writing often delved into themes of love, life's transient joys, and the struggle to find meaning.

Arthur Schnitzler passed away on October 21, 1931, in Vienna, leaving behind a substantial body of work that continues to be celebrated for its insightful portrayal of Viennese society and its exploration of human psychology.