Caroline Bonaparte

Caroline Bonaparte

Younger sister of Napoleon Bonaparte
Date of Birth: 25.03.1782
Country: France

  1. Biography of Caroline Bonaparte
  2. Marriage to Joachim Murat
  3. Alliance with Clement Metternich
  4. Exile and Death

Biography of Caroline Bonaparte

Caroline Bonaparte, the younger sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, was born on March 25, 1782, in Ajaccio, Corsica. Despite being mocked and called Cinderella in her childhood, Caroline possessed the same ambitious and strong-willed genes as her brother, Napoleon. In 1793, she and her family moved to France. Caroline's natural intelligence and strong personality traits made her one of the most influential women in Europe. She was adored by courtiers, diplomats, ministers, and military leaders, while she worshiped love.

Marriage to Joachim Murat

Caroline fell in love with Joachim Murat, a general in her brother's army, and married him in 1800. As the favored sister of Napoleon, Caroline also thirsted for power. In 1806, she became the Grand Duchess of Cleves and Berg, and in 1808, she was crowned Queen of Naples. Caroline sought the support of prominent statesmen, and her friends included Jean-Andoche Junot, Talleyrand, and Fouché.

Alliance with Clement Metternich

Caroline's dreams of her eldest son inheriting her brother's throne were shattered when Napoleon II was born. She formed a political and romantic alliance with Napoleon's enemy, Clement Metternich, who unsuccessfully attempted to maintain the Murat family's rule during the Hundred Days.

Exile and Death

Murat was executed under the laws of war on October 13, 1815, in Pizzo, Calabria, on the order of King Ferdinand IV of Bourbon. Caroline fled to Austria and resided there until her death on May 18, 1838, as Countess Lipona at Villa Cambò Marzo near Trieste.