Efim Krivosheev

Efim Krivosheev

Fighter pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union
Date of Birth: 12.04.1916
Country: Ukraine

  1. Biography of Efim Krivosheev
  2. Aerial Combat Achievements
  3. Final Battle and Posthumous Recognition
  4. Awards and Legacy

Biography of Efim Krivosheev

Efim Avtonomovich Krivosheev was a fighter pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union. He was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union on February 22, 1943. Krivosheev was born on April 12, 1916, in the village of Nikolaevka, now part of the Novomoskovsky district of the Dnipropetrovsk region in a working-class family. He was Ukrainian and joined the Communist Party in 1942. Krivosheev completed his education, graduating from 8 classes in 1931 and attending an aero club. He joined the Red Army in 1939 and graduated from a military aviation pilot school in 1940. He served on the front lines of the Great Patriotic War from May 1942.

Aerial Combat Achievements

On June 15, 1942, in the area of Ura-Guba, Krivosheev, as the commander of a six-plane formation called "Aerocobra," intercepted and engaged six Ju-88 bombers and 16 Me-110 fighters heading towards Murmansk. A fierce aerial battle ensued, lasting for 45 minutes. During the fight, Lieutenant Krivosheev shot down one enemy aircraft with his onboard weapons and rammed another. He safely landed at his airfield. By September 1942, Guard Lieutenant Krivosheev had completed 96 combat missions, personally downing 5 enemy aircraft and 15 as part of a group in 29 aerial battles.

Final Battle and Posthumous Recognition

On September 9, 1942, Krivosheev took off as part of a five-plane formation under the command of Captain P.S. Kutakhov to repel a large group of enemy bombers and fighters attacking Murmansk. Despite facing superior forces, the Soviet pilots, attacking and defending, thwarted all attempts by the enemy to break their formation and destroy individual planes. During the battle, Krivosheev damaged one Messerschmitt, causing it to leave the fight. However, after 30 minutes of combat, he noticed an enemy Me-109 approaching Kutakhov's tail. He rushed towards the German fighter and opened fire, but his ammunition was depleted. Krivosheev then resorted to ramming and destroyed the enemy aircraft. He perished in this battle. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union was posthumously awarded to Efim Avtonomovich Krivosheev on February 22, 1943.

Awards and Legacy

Krivosheev was decorated with the Orders of Lenin and the Red Banner. He was forever enlisted in the lists of military units. A vessel of the MRX was named in honor of this Hero.