Elisaveta Hitrova

Elisaveta Hitrova

Kutuzov's daughter
Date of Birth: 19.09.1783
Country: Russia

  1. Biography of Elizaveta Khitrovo
  2. Early Life and Family
  3. Education and Talents
  4. Marriages and Family
  5. Life in Florence and Financial Difficulties
  6. Later Years and Legacy

Biography of Elizaveta Khitrovo

Early Life and Family

Elizaveta Mikhailovna Khitrovo (emphasis on the last syllable), born Princess Golenschev-Kutuzov, was born on September 19, 1783. She was the daughter of a prominent Russian military leader, Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov. Elizaveta grew up in a lively and close-knit family, despite frequent separations and relocations due to her father's military career. As the eldest daughter, she and her sister were often under the care of their strict but loving mother, Princess Ekaterina Il'inichna, who was known for her kindness and adherence to strict rules.

Education and Talents

Elizaveta received a well-rounded education which included grammar, languages, dance, housekeeping, etiquette, and even theater and singing. She displayed remarkable talent as a dramatic actress and soprano singer. Even after her first marriage, Elizaveta continued to perform in Florence, where she had married Russian envoy Nikolai Khitrovo.

Marriages and Family

Elizaveta first married Count Ferdinand Tizengauzen, a staff captain in the engineering corps, in June 1802. They had two daughters together. However, their marriage was short-lived as Count Ferdinand died from wounds sustained in the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805. After his death, Elizaveta remarried in 1811 to General Mayor Nikolai Khitrovo. They had no children together, but Elizaveta's stepdaughters from her previous marriage, Catherine and Dolly, became well-known figures in Russian society.

Life in Florence and Financial Difficulties

In 1815, Nikolai Khitrovo was appointed as the Russian envoy to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and the family moved to Florence. They enjoyed a lavish lifestyle and hosted numerous social events. However, their extravagant spending eventually led to financial difficulties and debts. To resolve their financial troubles, they were forced to sell their valuable possessions and downsize their living arrangements.

Later Years and Legacy

In 1819, Nikolai Khitrovo passed away after suffering from a stroke. Elizaveta devoted herself to caring for him for two years until his death. Following his passing, Elizaveta continued to reside in Florence for a period before returning to Russia with her daughters in 1823. Her strong social connections and her daughter Dolly's rumored romantic involvement with Emperor Alexander I helped secure her a respected position in Russian society. Elizaveta received extensive lands in Bessarabia and a generous state pension in recognition of her father's military service.

Elizaveta Khitrovo's life was filled with passion, talent, and social prominence. She was known for her love and admiration of Alexander Pushkin, though their relationship remained unrequited. Elizaveta's legacy also includes the preservation of her father's letters and her role as a prominent figure in Russian society during the early 19th century.