Eugenio Pacelli (Pius XII)

Eugenio Pacelli (Pius XII)

Pope from 1939 to 1958
Date of Birth: 02.03.1876
Country: Vatican

Content:
  1. Biography of Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli)
  2. Pope Pius XII passed away on October 9, 1958 in Castel Gandolfo.

Biography of Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli)

Pope Pius XII, born Eugenio Pacelli, was the Roman Pope from 1939 to 1958. He was born on March 2, 1876 in Rome. Pacelli served as the Papal Nuncio in Bavaria in 1917 and in Berlin in 1920. He became a cardinal in 1929 and the Secretary of State of the Vatican in 1930.

Before the outbreak of World War II, Pius XII, as he became known, aimed to maintain neutrality and independence for the Vatican. In numerous encyclicals, he called for peace and formulated the moral principles of politics. He also sought to protect Christian values in the face of communist threats. Additionally, Pius XII proclaimed the dogma of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1950.

Pope Pius XII, whose secular name was Eugenio Pacelli, led the Catholic Church from 1939 to 1958. He was born on March 2, 1876 in Rome. From 1904 to 1914, Pacelli taught ecclesiastical diplomacy in Rome. In 1917, he was appointed as the Archbishop of Sardis and the Papal Nuncio to Bavaria, a position he held until 1925. From 1920 to 1929, he served as the Papal Nuncio to Germany. In 1929, Pacelli was elevated to the rank of cardinal. He was a close advisor to Pope Pius XI and played a crucial role in the negotiation of various treaties and concordats, as well as acting as a mediator in efforts to prevent the outbreak of World War II.

In December 1939, Pope Pius XII condemned the "deliberate aggression and disregard for freedom and human life, which leads to calls for vengeance." On April 30, 1943, he sent a message to the Archbishop of Berlin expressing his paternal love and concern for non-Aryan and half-Aryan Catholics, who were experiencing moral suffering due to the destruction of their earthly existence. However, due to the prevailing circumstances, he could only offer them assistance through prayers.

In late 1943, when the Nazi authorities began deporting 8,000 Jews from Rome, with a thousand of them, mostly women and children, being sent to Auschwitz, the Vatican remained silent. It also remained silent when Italy passed a law on December 1, 1943, which enforced the internment of all Jews and the confiscation of their properties.

Pope Pius XII passed away on October 9, 1958 in Castel Gandolfo.

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