Heinrich Wilhelm Trubner

Heinrich Wilhelm Trubner

German artist
Date of Birth: 03.02.1851
Country: Germany

  1. Biography of Heinrich Wilhelm Trübner
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. The Influence of Kuehlewein and Leibl
  4. Travels and Later Career

Biography of Heinrich Wilhelm Trübner

Heinrich Wilhelm Trübner was a German artist associated with the "Leibl Circle," known for his realistic, naturalistic, and impressionistic style of painting. He was born on February 7, 1851, in Heidelberg, Germany.

Early Life and Education

Initially, Trübner planned to follow in his father's footsteps and trained as a jeweler. However, in 1867, he met Anselm Feuerbach, who inspired him to pursue painting. Trübner studied painting at the State Academy of Fine Arts in Karlsruhe from 1867 to 1868 under the guidance of Theodor Dietz. In 1868, he transferred to the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, where he continued his studies under Alexander Wagner.

The Influence of Kuehlewein and Leibl

At the first international art exhibition in Munich, Trübner was deeply impressed by the works of Gustave Courbet and Wilhelm Leibl. He moved to Stuttgart to further his studies under Hans Canon but returned to Munich in 1870 to study under Wilhelm von Diez. During this time, Trübner formed friendships with Albert Lang and Karl Schuch, with whom he traveled to paint landscapes around Lake Starnberg. It was during this period that Trübner personally met Leibl, who advised him to seek independence from the academic system. Trübner began working in an artist's studio with Lang and Hans Thoma and became closely associated with the "Leibl Circle."

Travels and Later Career

In 1872, Trübner embarked on his first extended foreign travels. His first trip took him to Italy, and in subsequent years, he visited the Netherlands and Belgium. In 1875, Trübner settled permanently in Munich. After 1877, he turned to mythological and literary subjects in his artwork, adopting a naturalistic style. In the 1880s, Trübner developed friendly relationships with Lovis Corinth, Max Slevogt, and Max Liebermann. Frankfurt architect Simon Ravenstein also assisted Trübner with commissions. In 1889, the "Gurlitt Gallery" in Berlin organized an exhibition of Trübner's works.

After the exhibition, Trübner returned to landscape painting. In 1895, he moved to Frankfurt and worked at the Städel Art Institute. Trübner's theoretical works on art were published in 1892 and 1898. In 1901, he joined the Berlin Secession. From 1903 to 1917, Trübner served as a professor at the State Academy of Fine Arts in Karlsruhe and held the position of director from 1904 to 1910. In 1911, a major exhibition of Trübner's works was organized by the local association of artists, followed by an exhibition at the Berlin Secession in 1913. In 1917, Trübner was invited to work at the Berlin Academy of Arts but declined due to his health. He passed away in Karlsruhe later that same year.