Levi Eshkol

Levi Eshkol

Israeli politician
Country: Israel

  1. Biography of Levi Eshkol (Lev Shkolnik)
  2. Levi Eshkol passed away in 1969 in his prime minister's office.

Biography of Levi Eshkol (Lev Shkolnik)

Political leader of Israel, Levi Eshkol (Lev Shkolnik), was born in 1895 in Ukraine. He completed his education at a Jewish school in Vilnius. At the age of 18, he immigrated to Palestine. During the war in 1914, Eshkol served in the Jewish Legion. He was one of the founders of Histadrut. In 1937, he conducted negotiations regarding the immigration of German Jews to Palestine. He was a member of Palmach and served as the Minister of Defense from 1950 to 1951. Eshkol was also one of the creators of Israel's defense industry. From 1952 to 1963, he served as the Minister of Finance of the State of Israel.

In 1963, David Ben-Gurion resigned from the position of Prime Minister, and Levi Eshkol became the Prime Minister. He sought to bring together the Herut movement. In 1965, this movement merged with the Liberal Party and formed the political bloc Gahal, which eventually transformed into Likud in 1973. In 1964, Eshkol approved the decision to bring the remains of Ze'ev Jabotinsky, the founder of Revisionist Zionism, to Israel for burial.

Prior to the Six-Day War, during June 1967, Levi Eshkol formed the first national unity government in alliance with Gahal. The war ultimately changed the political landscape, as the main political issue became the territories occupied by Israel during the war: the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, Judea, Samaria, and the Golan Heights. The aftermath of the war also saw an increase in terrorist attacks by the PLO and other Palestinian organizations against Israel and Israeli targets abroad.

Levi Eshkol passed away in 1969 in his prime minister's office.