Maksim Rylskiy

Maksim Rylskiy

Ukrainian Soviet poet
Date of Birth: 19.03.1895
Country: Ukraine

Biography of Maksym Rylsky

Early Life and Education


Maksym Rylsky was a Ukrainian Soviet poet and academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He was born in 1895 and grew up in the family of Ukrainian composer Mykola Lysenko. Rylsky studied at the Historical and Philosophical Faculty of Kyiv University.

Literary Career


Rylsky's literary career began in 1907 when his first collection of poems, titled "On White Islands," was published in 1910. He was associated with the neoclassical movement in the 1920s and translated librettos of operas by Glinka, Verdi, Rossini, Tchaikovsky, and others, as well as "Eugene Onegin" and "The Lay of the Host of Igor."

Political Activism


In 1930, Rylsky was arrested, but after his release, he changed his positions dramatically, fully embracing socialist realism and making patriotism and friendship among nations the main themes of his work. He joined the Communist Party in 1943 and became the head of the Union of Writers of Ukraine from 1943 to 1946. He also served as a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1946.

Later Years and Legacy


Following Stalin's death, Rylsky continued to actively work, and his critics believe that this was the period when his creativity flourished. In 1960, he was awarded the Lenin Prize for his literary achievements. Rylsky's poems have been set to music over 300 times.

This biography is based on materials from the book: Zaleskiy K.A. The Empire of Stalin. Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000.

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