Marianne Brandt

Marianne Brandt

Austrian opera singer
Date of Birth: 12.09.1842
Country: Austria

  1. Biography of Marianne Brandt
  2. Successful Career in Berlin
  3. Metropolitan Opera and International Tours
  4. Later Years and Legacy
  5. Recordings and Repertoire

Biography of Marianne Brandt

Marianne Brandt was an Austrian opera singer with an international reputation, closely associated with the Staatsoper Berlin. Born on September 12, 1842, in Vienna, her real name was Marie Bischof. She studied at the Vienna Conservatory and first gained attention on the professional stage in 1867 when she sang Rachel in the opera "La Juive". She soon received invitations to perform at the opera in Graz.

Successful Career in Berlin

From 1868 to 1886, Marianne Brandt mainly performed at the Königliches Opernhaus in Berlin, which was then known as the Royal Opera. Her Berlin debut as Fidès in "Le prophète" and Azucena in "Il trovatore" was sensational. In 1869 and 1870, she took lessons from Pauline Viardot-Garcia in Baden-Baden, and from 1872 to 1883, she frequently toured London and Vienna.

Metropolitan Opera and International Tours

In the 1880s, Brandt visited New York City and sang leading contralto roles at the Metropolitan Opera for four seasons, from 1884 to 1888, under the direction of Anton Seidl. She appeared in a total of 18 different roles in 160 performances. During this time, other leading German opera artists such as Lilli Lehmann and Emil Fischer also performed at the Metropolitan Opera. In 1887, Brandt toured with American pianist Carl Lachmund. Over the next four years, she showcased her talent in theaters in Rotterdam, Munich, Mannheim, Kassel, Stuttgart, Karlsruhe, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Basel, Graz, Brno, and Riga.

Later Years and Legacy

In 1890, Brandt returned to Vienna and taught vocal lessons while occasionally performing in concerts. She passed away on July 9, 1921, at the age of 78 and was buried in the Hadersdorf-Weidlingau cemetery in the Penzing district of Vienna. Brandt possessed a rich voice, defined as a contralto and mezzo-soprano of extraordinary range, and had exceptional dramatic abilities. She was undoubtedly one of the greatest German-Austrian opera artists of the 19th century. Her outstanding performances of Wagner's works greatly contributed to the success of the Bayreuth music festival from 1876 to 1882. One of her students in Vienna was American opera star Edyth Walker.

Recordings and Repertoire

Marianne Brandt's voice can be heard on several recordings she made for Pathé at the beginning of the 20th century, which have been recently reissued on CD. Her repertoire included roles such as Leonore in Beethoven's "Fidelio", Brangäne in "Tristan und Isolde", Magdalena in "Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg", Astaroth in "Die Königin von Saba", Adriano in "Rienzi", Donna Elvira in "Don Giovanni", Amneris in "Aida", Ortrud in "Lohengrin", and Eglantine in "Euryanthe".