Rene Dubo

Rene Dubo

American microbiologist, member of the US National Academy of Sciences. Developed new chemotherapy methods
Date of Birth: 20.02.1901
Country: USA

  1. Biography of René Dubos
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Career and Contributions
  4. Legacy and Impact

Biography of René Dubos

René Dubos was an American microbiologist and member of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States. He is best known for his contributions to the development of new methods of chemotherapy.

Early Life and Education

Dubos was born in France and graduated from the National Agricultural Institute in Paris in 1921. In 1924, he moved to the United States and enrolled at Rutgers University, where he earned his PhD in 1927.

Career and Contributions

After completing his doctoral degree, Dubos joined the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller University) in New York City. Throughout his career at the institute, with the exception of a period from 1942-1944 when he served as a professor of tropical medicine at Harvard Medical School, Dubos focused on studying the influence of soil bacteria on pathogenic microorganisms.

In 1939, Dubos isolated a peptide called tyrothricin from the soil bacterium Bacillus brevis. Although this substance had relatively weak antimicrobial activity, Dubos' findings played a crucial role in the discovery of streptomycin and other antibiotics.

In 1946, Dubos became the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Experimental Medicine. He later shifted his focus from microbiology to environmental protection, writing books and essays and delivering lectures on the subject. His book "So Human an Animal" (1968), which explored the relationship between humans and the natural world, was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1969.

Legacy and Impact

René Dubos' pioneering work in the field of microbiology and his efforts to raise awareness about environmental issues have had a lasting impact. His research on soil bacteria and their potential applications in chemotherapy laid the foundation for the development of modern antibiotics. Additionally, his writings on the importance of preserving the natural environment continue to inspire and influence discussions on sustainability and conservation.