Saparmurad Niyazov

Saparmurad Niyazov

President of Turkmenistan
Date of Birth: 19.02.1940
Country: Turkmenistan

Biography of Saparmurat Niyazov-Turkmenbashi

Saparmurat Niyazov-Turkmenbashi was a Soviet and Turkmen party, state, and political figure, who led Turkmenistan from 1985 to 2006. He was born on February 19, 1940, in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.

Saparmurad Niyazov

Early Life and Education:
Niyazov's father died on the frontlines during World War II, and his mother and two brothers were killed in the Ashgabat earthquake of 1948. As a result, he was placed in an orphanage. After completing high school, Niyazov began working as an instructor for the Turkmen Territorial Committee of the Union of Workers and Employees of Geological Exploration. He later pursued further education at Leningrad Polytechnic Institute, where he graduated as an engineer-energeticist in 1967. During his time in Leningrad, he worked as a molder at a Leningrad-based enterprise.

Saparmurad Niyazov

Political Career:
In 1967, Niyazov became the master of the Bezmeyskaya Lenin State Regional Power Plant in the Ashgabat region. From 1970, he served as an instructor and deputy head of the department at the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan. In 1976, he completed a correspondence higher education program at the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Niyazov became a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1962. He held various positions within the party, including being the first secretary of the Ashgabat City Committee and an instructor in the organization department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In 1985, he became the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.

Saparmurad Niyazov

Presidency:
Niyazov was elected as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan in December 1985. In January 1990, he also became the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. He served as a People's Deputy of the Soviet Union representing the Ashgabat Rural Territorial District and was a member of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. In 1992, he was elected as the President of Turkmenistan with overwhelming support from the voters. In 1994, a national referendum extended his presidency for a second five-year term.

Saparmurad Niyazov

Legacy:
Niyazov's name is associated with numerous landmarks in Turkmenistan, including the city of Turkmenbashi (formerly Krasnovodsk), streets, factories, collective farms, and schools. He was awarded the honorary title of Hero of Turkmenistan, the country's highest honor, and the Golden Moon medal for his outstanding contribution to the realization of the idea of Turkmenistan's permanent neutrality. He founded the Movement for National Revival "Galkynysh" in 1994 and served as the chairman of the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan. Niyazov claimed to occasionally disguise himself and take walks in Ashgabat to observe the real lives of the people. He was married and had a son and a daughter.

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