Vitaliy Masol

Vitaliy Masol

Ukrainian statesman
Date of Birth: 14.11.1928
Country: Ukraine

  1. Biography of Vitaliy Masol
  2. Professional Achievements
  3. Prime Minister of Ukraine
  4. Later Career
  5. Awards and Honors

Biography of Vitaliy Masol

Vitaliy Masol was a Ukrainian statesman and former Prime Minister of Ukraine. He was born on November 14, 1928, in the village of Olishevka, Chernihiv district, Chernihiv region, to a family of teachers. Masol graduated from the mechanical faculty of the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute in 1951, specializing in mechanical engineering. He began his professional career at the Novokramatorsk Machine-Building Plant, where he worked as an assistant master, master, head of the technical development office, deputy chief engineer, and finally, director of the plant since July 1963. In 1971, he became the general director of the production association "NKMZ."

Professional Achievements

While still working at the plant, Masol defended his candidate dissertation on the topic "Fatigue Strength of Carbon Steel for Large Ship Propellers Produced by the Novokramatorsk Machine-Building Plant." He also held author's certificates for rationalization proposals and inventions. In September 1972, Masol became the first deputy chairman of the State Planning Committee of the Ukrainian SSR. From January 16, 1979, he served as the deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR and the chairman of the State Planning Committee of the Ukrainian SSR. He was also a member of the joint government commission for the liquidation of the consequences of the Chornobyl accident.

Prime Minister of Ukraine

On July 10, 1987, Masol was appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR. He served in this position during a challenging period of social-political transformation, crisis, and the collapse of the unified Soviet economy. On October 23, 1990, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine accepted Masol's resignation. During the first free elections in spring 1990, he was elected as a People's Deputy of Ukraine.

Later Career

After resigning as Prime Minister, Masol focused on parliamentary work. He served on the Committee of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine for planning, budget, finance, and prices. He was approved by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 16, 1994, as the Prime Minister of Ukraine at the nomination of President Leonid Kravchuk. Masol resigned from this position in March 1995. In recognition of his outstanding personal merits in state-building, the development of the national economy, and on the occasion of his 75th birthday, he was awarded the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 4th class, on November 12, 2003.

Awards and Honors

Throughout his career, Vitaliy Masol received numerous awards and honors, including:
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, 5th class (November 13, 1998) - for outstanding personal merits to the Ukrainian state in the field of state-building and long-standing active socio-political activities.
- Order of Merit, 1st class (November 13, 2008) - for outstanding personal contribution to the socio-economic development of the Ukrainian state, active socio-political activities, and on the occasion of his 80th birthday.
- Order of Merit, 3rd class (June 27, 1997) - for personal contribution to the development, preparation, and adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine, active legislative work.
- Two Orders of Lenin (1966, 1986).
- Order of the October Revolution (1971).
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1978).
- Order of the Badge of Honour (1960).
- Three medals.