Vlado Chernosemskiy

Vlado Chernosemskiy

Bulgarian revolutionary
Date of Birth: 19.10.1897
Country: Bulgaria

  1. Biography of Vlado Chernozemski
  2. Early Life and Involvement with VMRO
  3. Notable Actions
  4. The Assassination of King Alexander I and Aftermath
  5. German Involvement and Controversy

Biography of Vlado Chernozemski

Vlado Chernozemski, a Bulgarian revolutionary and terrorist of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, was born in 1897 to Dimitar Kerin and Risa Baltadzhieva in the village of Kamenitsa (now the city of Velingrad).

Early Life and Involvement with VMRO

In his youth, Chernozemski struggled with alcoholism, but later became a teetotaler. He joined the VMRO in 1922 in Kustendil and participated in the cheta led by voivode Ivan Byrlyo. As a member of the VMRO, Chernozemski gained a reputation for his cool-headedness and combat readiness.

Notable Actions

Some accounts suggest that Chernozemski showed initiative by attempting to enter the League of Nations assembly hall and blow himself up to draw attention to the Macedonian question. As a fighter for the VMRO, he became famous for his cold-bloodedness and combat skills. He carried out important missions assigned by Vanche Mihailov, including the assassination of the Bulgarian Communist Party representative Dimo Hadzhidimov.

The Assassination of King Alexander I and Aftermath

On October 9, 1934, in Marseille, Vlado Chernozemski shot and killed King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and his chauffeur. In the confusion, the French police mistakenly killed French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou. Until 1974, it was believed that Barthou was also killed by Chernozemski. Despite sustaining multiple injuries from the king's bodyguards, Chernozemski died a day after the assassination attempt and was secretly buried in an unknown location.

German Involvement and Controversy

After World War II, evidence surfaced suggesting that the assassination was organized by the Abwehr (Operation "Teutonic Sword"). The main coordinator of the operation was Captain Hans Schpiedel, the assistant to the German military attaché in Paris. Vanche Mihailov denied any German involvement in the assassination.