Zigmas Zemaitis

Zigmas Zemaitis

Lithuanian Soviet mathematician
Date of Birth: 08.11.1884
Country: Latvia

Biography of Zigmas Žemaitis

Zigmas Žemaitis was a Lithuanian Soviet mathematician and public figure. He was born in a village 2 km away from the town of Tveriačius. Žemaitis studied at the Odessa University from 1903 to 1909. Starting from 1905, he actively participated in Lithuanian press, publishing various correspondence, articles, and notes on cultural, social, and political topics. After completing university, Žemaitis returned to Lithuania. He was assisted in finding a job in Vilnius by D.I. Dovgyallo. Žemaitis worked in several educational institutions, including a private girls' gymnasium. He also took part in the activities of the Lithuanian Scientific Society and the Lithuanian Art Society. During World War I, he worked as a teacher in a Lithuanian gymnasium in Voronezh from 1915 to 1918. In 1918, he founded a Lithuanian secondary school in Švėnčionėliai. In the autumn of 1919, Žemaitis moved to Kaunas and became the director of a Commercial School. He became one of the organizers and leaders of the Higher Courses in Kaunas in 1920, which later developed into the Lithuanian University (later Vytautas Magnus University). From 1922 to 1940, Žemaitis was a professor at the Kaunas Lithuanian University. He was also the chairman of the Lithuanian Aeroclub from 1929 to 1940. In 1940, he became a professor at Vilnius University and held the position of vice-rector. From 1944 to 1964, Žemaitis was the head of the Department of Mathematical Analysis at Vilnius State University. He was also the rector of Vilnius State University from 1946 to 1948. He served as a deputy in the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR from 1947 to 1950 and as the vice-chairman of the Mathematical Society of the Lithuanian SSR from 1961 to 1968. His scientific activities mainly focused on the methodology and improvement of mathematics education, as well as the history of mathematics. Žemaitis participated in the improvement of secondary school programs and the development of Lithuanian mathematical terminology. He was awarded the title of Honored Scientist of the Lithuanian SSR in 1959 and Honored Cultural Figure of the Lithuanian SSR in 1964.

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