Alberto Fuhimori

Alberto Fuhimori

Former President of Peru
Country: Peru

  1. Biography of Alberto Fujimori
  2. Presidential Management
  3. Second Term and Dictatorial Tendencies
  4. Controversial Third Term and Resignation

Biography of Alberto Fujimori

Alberto Fujimori, the former president of Peru, was born in the capital city of Lima in 1938, to a family of Japanese immigrants. Therefore, he is of Japanese nationality. He is a devout Catholic. In 1961, he graduated from the National Agricultural University with a degree in agroengineering. In 1969, he obtained a master's degree in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin, USA. In the 1980s, he led the natural sciences faculty at the National University. He hosted the television talk show "Let's Gather Together," where he established himself as a political analyst. In 1989, he founded the political party "Change '90". The party's slogan became the triad "Honesty, Technology, Labor". Fujimori skillfully campaigned, using his knowledge in the agricultural sector, visiting remote villages and interacting with peasants. As a result, Fujimori managed to defeat the favorite candidate, liberal writer Mario Vargas Llosa, not to mention the long-discredited socialist government of Alan Garcia. In 1990, Fujimori became the president of Peru.

Presidential Management

He inherited the country in a state of severe crisis: chaos in the economy and governance, hyperinflation, corruption, drug trafficking, and partisan uprisings. Fujimori attempted to return to a free market economy and implemented reforms in liberalizing the economy (decentralization, denationalization, deregulation). He managed to reduce inflation and regain the trust of foreign creditors. He actively fought against insurgents, arming peasants for this purpose. This policy led to a high number of casualties but ultimately proved successful. In 1992, the leader of the insurgents was captured. Fujimori carried out purges in the government apparatus, repressing those unsatisfied with his regime.

Second Term and Dictatorial Tendencies

In 1995, he was re-elected and remained in office. His rule took on an increasingly dictatorial nature, initially explained by the need to suppress insurgents. As a result, Peru no longer had an independent judiciary, political parties, or media. Human rights violations and press freedom violations became widespread. The main political force in the country became the Security Service, led by Fujimori's chief aide Vladimiro Montesinos.

Controversial Third Term and Resignation

In 2000, Fujimori reinterpreted the constitution, allowing himself to remain president for a third term. However, Fujimori's popularity sharply declined, particularly due to the worsening economic situation reminiscent of 1990. In the autumn of 2000, while visiting Japan, he announced his resignation from the presidency and remained in Japan. His resignation was related to the scandal surrounding Vladimiro Montesinos. Montesinos, along with the president, was accused of corruption, money laundering, illegal arms, and drug trafficking. Currently, Fujimori remains in Japan, as he holds Japanese citizenship due to his Japanese heritage. Meanwhile, the Peruvian Congress has initiated criminal proceedings against him, intends to strip Fujimori of immunity enjoyed by former presidents of Peru, and demand his extradition from Tokyo.