August Wilhelm Eichler

August Wilhelm Eichler

German botanist, famous for his work in the field of plant systematization.
Date of Birth: 22.04.1839
Country: Germany

  1. Biography of August Wilhelm Eichler
  2. Contributions to Botany
  3. Awards and Recognition
  4. Legacy
  5. Death

Biography of August Wilhelm Eichler

August Wilhelm Eichler, a German botanist, was renowned for his work in the field of plant systematics. He was born on April 22, 1839, in Neukirchen (Knüll), Germany. Eichler was the first systematist to classify seed plants into flowering plants and gymnosperms, as well as monocots and dicots. He made significant contributions to botany by describing numerous species of seed plants. Eichler specialized in the study of seed plants during his scientific career.

Contributions to Botany

August Wilhelm Eichler's major contribution to the field of botany was his classification of seed plants into different groups. He divided them into flowering plants and gymnosperms, which are plants that produce seeds but not flowers. Additionally, he classified them further into monocots, which have single-seeded leaves, and dicots, which have two-seeded leaves. Eichler's systematic approach to plant classification provided a foundation for understanding plant diversity and evolution.

Awards and Recognition

In recognition of his significant contributions to botany, August Wilhelm Eichler was awarded the Cotoni Medal in 1876. This prestigious medal is given to individuals who have made outstanding achievements in the field of plant taxonomy and systematics. Eichler's work and discoveries were highly regarded by his peers and earned him this notable accolade.


August Wilhelm Eichler's legacy in the field of botany is undeniable. His systematic classification of seed plants continues to be a fundamental framework for plant scientists and researchers. His detailed descriptions and classifications of various species have contributed to our understanding of plant diversity and evolution. Eichler's work paved the way for further advancements in plant systematics and inspired future generations of botanists to explore and study the world of plants.


August Wilhelm Eichler passed away on March 2, 1887, in Berlin, Germany. Despite his relatively short life, his contributions to botany left a lasting impact on the field and continue to be influential to this day.