Michael Bogolyubov

Michael Bogolyubov

Soviet and Russian linguist-Iranian, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Philology, professor.
Date of Birth: 24.01.1918
Country: Antigua

  1. Biography of Mikhail Bogolyubov
  2. Family and Education
  3. Academic Career
  4. Contributions and Research Interests

Biography of Mikhail Bogolyubov

Mikhail Bogolyubov was a Soviet and Russian linguist-iranist, an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a doctor of philological sciences, and a professor. He was born on January 24, 1918, in Kiev.

Family and Education

His father, Nikolai Mikhailovich Bogolyubov (1872-1934), was a graduate of the Nizhny Novgorod Seminary and the Moscow Theological Academy. He was a priest and a professor of theology at the University of St. Vladimir in Kiev. His mother, Olga Nikolaevna (1881-1965), was a music teacher. Mikhail had two older brothers: Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogolyubov, a mathematician, physicist, and two-time Hero of Socialist Labor; and Alexei Nikolaevich Bogolyubov, a mathematician and historian of science, and a corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

Mikhail attended secondary school in Nizhny Novgorod from 1925 to 1935. In June 1941, he graduated with honors from the Eastern Faculty of Leningrad State University (LSU) with a degree in Iranian Philology. He was then sent to work as a teacher in the educational system of the People's Commissariat for Defense. He held the rank of captain in the administrative service.

Academic Career

From 1944 to 1946, Bogolyubov taught at the Department of Iranian Philology at the Faculty of Philology of Moscow State University. In September 1946, he was appointed as a senior lecturer in the Department of Iranian Philology at LSU, upon the recommendation of university professor A.A. Freiman.

For ten years, from 1981 to 1991, Bogolyubov was the head of the Department of Iranian Philology. For thirty-five years, from 1960 to 1995, he served as the dean of the Eastern Faculty of St. Petersburg State University. He was the deputy secretary of the Literature and Language Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the head of the Eastern Commission of the Russian Geographical Society. He also served as the chairman of the dissertation council of the Eastern Faculty.

On July 1, 1966, Bogolyubov was elected a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in the Literature and Language Department. On December 15, 1990, he was elected a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in the Literature and Language Department, specializing in linguistics. He was also a foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of Georgia.

In 2007, he received the "Outstanding Scientist of the Russian Academy of Sciences" prize, established by the Foundation for the Promotion of Domestic Science.

Contributions and Research Interests

Bogolyubov was a specialist in modern and ancient Iranian languages. His scientific interests included comparative-historical and typological studies of Iranian languages, historical grammar, and etymology. He authored over 200 scientific works in the field of Iranian studies, including "Personal Pronouns in the Khorezmian Language" (1962), "Sogdian Documents from Mount Mug. Linguistic Data" (1963), and "The Yaghnobi Language" (1966). He was one of the leaders of the fundamental work "Foundations of Iranian Linguistics" (in 5 volumes).

His research on deciphering and publishing Middle Iranian written monuments in Sogdian and Khorezmian languages, as well as unique Aramaic inscriptions, made a significant contribution to the field of Oriental studies.

Bogolyubov's scientific works covered several branches of Iranian studies, as well as partially Indology and Semitology. He made important discoveries and observations in the study of ancient Iranian-written monuments, various systems of Iranian writing, historical grammar and etymology of Iranian languages, ancient Iranian mythology and religion, and linguistic and ethnocultural links between Iranian, Semitic, and Indo-Aryan peoples. Many of his works are of significance not only for Iranian studies but also for Indo-European linguistics as a whole, as well as for a wide range of disciplines studying the history, ethnography, material, and spiritual culture of the peoples of the Near, Central, and South Asia.