Sergey Kavtaradze

Sergey Kavtaradze

Date of Birth: 15.08.1885
Country: Georgia

Biography of Sergei Kavtaradze

Sergei Kavtaradze was a revolutionary figure in Georgia and Russia, as well as a prominent statesman. He was born on August 15, 1885, in the village of Zovreti (now in the Zestafoni district of Georgia) into a noble family. Kavtaradze became a member of the Communist Party in 1903 and actively participated in revolutionary movements in Kutaisi, Batumi, Tbilisi, Baku, and St. Petersburg.

During his early years, Kavtaradze faced repression and was a member of the Imeretian-Mingrelian Committee of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) from 1904 to 1906. He endured arrests and imprisonment, but continued his party work. In 1912-1914, he worked for the newspaper "Pravda" and completed his legal studies at the University of St. Petersburg in 1915.

After the February Revolution of 1917, Kavtaradze was elected a member of the Caucasus Regional Committee of the RSDLP and became the editor of the newspaper "Kavkazsky Rabochiy." He attended the 6th Congress of the RSDLP (b) as a delegate. In 1918, he served as the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Vladikavkaz Council.

From 1919 onwards, Kavtaradze faced arrests as he worked in the Georgian government under the Mensheviks until the establishment of Soviet power in Georgia in February 1921. He served as the Chairman of the Batumi and Adjara Revolutionary Committees until May 1921, and then became the Deputy Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Georgia and the People's Commissar of Justice. In 1922-1923, he served as the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Georgian SSR.

From 1923-1924, Kavtaradze worked as a Soviet advisor at the embassy in Ankara. From 1924-1928, he held the position of the First Deputy Prosecutor of the Supreme Court of the USSR. However, in 1927, he was expelled from the Communist Party for his involvement in the Trotskyist opposition. In December 1927, he was exiled to the Orenburg region for his opposition activities.

In December 1928, Kavtaradze attempted to return to Moscow for a vacation but was soon arrested again on charges of "anti-Soviet agitation." On January 25, 1929, he received a final sentence of three years of imprisonment and served his term in Tobolsk. After his release in 1931, he worked in the editorial department of literary publications while continuing his opposition activities.

On October 7, 1936, Kavtaradze was arrested once more and imprisoned in the Lubyanka prison of the OGPU (Joint State Political Directorate). He faced new charges under Article 58/10 and 58/11 of the Criminal Code - counter-revolution. Later, he was transferred to a prison in Tbilisi. On February 20, 1939, he was moved to the internal prison of the NKVD (People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs) in Moscow. On December 13, 1939, he was released from custody by a personal order from Lavrentiy Beria.

After his release, Kavtaradze resumed his work in the editorial department of literary publications. In 1940, he was reinstated as a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). From 1941, he served as the head of the Middle Eastern Department of the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1943-1945, he held the position of Deputy People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs and participated in the Moscow Conference (1943), the Yalta Conference, and the Potsdam Conference.

From 1945-1952, Kavtaradze served as the Soviet Ambassador to Romania. He retired in 1954 and was elected as a delegate to the 22nd Congress of the CPSU in 1961. Sergei Kavtaradze passed away in Tbilisi on October 17, 1971.