Sergo Beria

Sergo Beria

Design engineer
Date of Birth: 24.11.1924
Country: Ukraine

  1. Biography of Sergo Beria
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Early Military Career
  4. Contributions in the Field of Rocket Systems
  5. Arrest and Exile
  6. Later Career and Family

Biography of Sergo Beria

Early Life and Education

Sergo Lavrentievich Beria (Sergei Alexeyevich Geguchkori) was born on November 24, 1924 in the city of Tbilisi. He was the son of Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria and Nina Teymurazovna Geguchkori. In 1938, after completing seven classes of a German and music school, Sergo and his family moved to Moscow. In 1941, after graduating from Secondary School No. 175, he was enrolled in the Central Radio Engineering Laboratory of the NKVD of the USSR.

Early Military Career

In the early days of the war, Sergo volunteered and was sent to a reconnaissance school, where he received training in radio engineering. He then began his service in the army with the rank of technician-lieutenant. He carried out a number of important missions assigned by the General Staff (in 1941, in Iran and Kurdistan; in 1942, in the North Caucasus region). In October 1942, he was sent to the Leningrad Military Academy of Communications named after S.M. Budyonny.

Contributions in the Field of Rocket Systems

After graduating from the academy in 1947, Sergo Beria successfully developed a diploma project on a guided missile system. The state commission evaluated his work as excellent and recommended the implementation of his project in the industry. He became one of the creators of the Soviet anti-aircraft missile defense system and was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Stalin Prize for his achievements. In 1948, he defended his candidate thesis, and in 1952, his doctoral dissertation.

Arrest and Exile

After his father, Lavrentiy Beria, was removed from power and arrested in July 1953, Sergo, along with his mother, was interned at one of the suburban estates and later arrested himself. He was held in solitary confinement in Lefortovo and Butyrka prisons until the end of 1954.

Later Career and Family

After his release, Sergo Beria obtained a passport under the name Sergei Alexeyevich Geguchkori and was sent into exile in the Ural region. He worked as a senior engineer at the Scientific Research Institute of Artillery Shell 320 in the city of Sverdlovsk for almost ten years. In Kyiv, he continued his work in the field of rocket systems, first at the organization known as PYa 24, later transformed into the NPO "Kvant" (now the State Enterprise Research Institute "Kvant"). From 1990 to 1999, he served as the Chief Designer of the Kiev Research Institute "Kometa." He passed away on October 11, 2000, in Kyiv and was buried in Baikove Cemetery.

Sergo Beria was married to Marfa Maksimovna Peshkova (the granddaughter of Maxim Gorky from his first marriage) and they had three children: daughters Nina and Nadezhda, and son Sergei. Their marriage ended during Sergo Beria's time in exile. He wrote a book dedicated to his father, titled "My Father - Lavrentiy Beria," where he argued that the repressions and terror were an integral part of the existence of the Soviet state from its inception, which was why his father suffered.