Lucian Blaga

Lucian Blaga

Romanian writer and rationalist philosopher
Date of Birth: 09.05.1895
Country: Romania

  1. Biography of Lucian Blaga
  2. Early Life
  3. Educational Background
  4. Diplomatic Career
  5. Later Life and Legacy

Biography of Lucian Blaga

Lucian Blaga was a Romanian writer and rationalist philosopher, as well as a poet, playwright, translator, journalist, university professor, and diplomat. He was one of the most prominent figures in Romanian culture during the first half of the 20th century, especially in the period between the First and Second World Wars.

Lucian Blaga

Early Life

Lucian Blaga was born on May 9, 1895, in the town of Lancrăm in the Alba County, Transylvania. His father was a priest. Blaga did not speak until the age of four and later wrote that he spent his early years "under the sign of an incredible absence of words." In his poem "Self-Portrait," he described himself as "Lucian Blaga who is silent like a swan."

After the death of his father in 1909, his family moved to Sebeș. In 1911, Blaga traveled to Italy, where he spent time in bookstores searching for books on philosophy and visiting historical landmarks.

Educational Background

Blaga received his primary education in the small town of Sebeș from 1902 to 1906. From 1906 to 1914, he studied at the Andrei Șaguna School in Brașov, where he lived under the care of his relative Iosif Blaga, who was the author of the first Romanian treatise on drama.

When the First World War broke out, Blaga began studying theology in Sibiu and graduated from the Theological Institute in 1917. From 1917 to 1920, he attended courses at the University of Vienna, where he studied philosophy and biology and earned his doctorate in philosophy. In Vienna, Blaga met Cornelia Brediceanu, who became his wife.

Diplomatic Career

Upon returning to Romania, Blaga became the editor of the journals "Cultura" in Cluj and "Banatul" in Lugoj. In 1926, he became involved in diplomatic activities and held diplomatic positions in Warsaw, Prague, Lisbon, Bern, and Vienna. He served as a press advisor in Warsaw, Prague, and Bern from 1926 to 1936, deputy secretary of state in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1936 to 1938, and Romania's accredited minister to Portugal from 1938 to 1939.

In 1937, Blaga was elected a member of the Romanian Academy, and his inaugural speech was titled "Elogiul satului românesc" or "Panegyric of the Romanian Village." In 1939, he became a professor of cultural philosophy at the University of Cluj, which had temporarily moved to Sibiu after the Second Vienna Award when northern Romania was ceded to Hungary. In Sibiu, Blaga edited the journal "Saeculum" annually from 1943.

Later Life and Legacy

In 1948, when the socialists came to power, Blaga was dismissed from his professorship at the university and lost his position. Despite being one of Romania's most brilliant minds with diverse talents, he was forced to work as a librarian in the Cluj branch of the History Institute of the Romanian Academy. Until 1960, authorities only allowed him to publish translations.

In 1956, Blaga was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature by Bazil Munteanu, a Romanian-born French literary critic, and Rosa del Conte, an Italian philologist and professor. However, the communist government of Romania sent two representatives to Sweden to protest the nomination, as Blaga was considered an idealist philosopher and his poetry was banned until 1962.

Lucian Blaga passed away on May 6, 1961, from cancer and was buried in his hometown of Lancrăm. Today, the University of Sibiu is named in his honor.