Pushpa Dahal

Pushpa Dahal

Politician, former Prime Minister of Nepal
Date of Birth: 11.12.1954
Country: Nepal

Biography of Pushpa Dahal

Pushpa Dahal, also known as Prachanda, is a prominent Nepalese politician and the 74th Prime Minister of Nepal. He was born as Chhabi Lal Dahal in 1954 in a peasant family and was the eldest of eight children. At the age of six, his family was relocated from the mountainous region of Pokhara to the plains of Terai as part of King Mahendra's nationalist policy of "Nepalization of the South."

Pushpa Dahal

Despite belonging to the Brahmin caste, which gave him access to better education opportunities, Pushpa Kamal Dahal received a solid education by Nepalese standards. He graduated from a university in Rampur, where he studied agronomy, specializing in agriculture. He obtained a bachelor's degree and worked as a school teacher for two and a half years, exceeding the mandatory requirement for graduates.

Pushpa Dahal

During his student years, Dahal became involved in revolutionary movements due to his concern for the poverty of peasants. He conducted additional lessons for illiterate adults and propagated the ideas of Marx, Lenin, and Mao. In 1981, he joined the Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal). In 1986, Comrade Prachanda became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal) and began consolidating Maoist groups within the party.

On May 8, 2008, the newly elected Constituent Assembly of Nepal, led by the Maoists under Prachanda's leadership, declared the country a republic. On August 15, the National Assembly of Nepal confirmed his candidacy for the position of Prime Minister (464 in favor, 113 against), and on August 18, he assumed office. The adapted complex of Marxism-Leninism and Maoism in Nepal is referred to as the "Prachanda Path."

Prachanda considers Lenin, Stalin, and Mao Zedong his teachers. On May 4, 2009, he resigned as Prime Minister due to his government's failure to appoint a new Chief of Army Staff for the Nepalese army. This initiative was blocked by the country's President Ram Baran Yadav. Prachanda sought the removal of the current Chief of Army Staff because of his refusal to integrate around 19,000 former Maoist rebels into the regular Nepalese army.

On August 3, 2016, he was elected by parliament as the new Prime Minister of Nepal and formed a coalition government with the Nepali Congress. In May 2017, as per a preliminary agreement with the Nepali Congress, he stepped down as the head of the government. On December 25, 2022, he was once again appointed as the Prime Minister of the country after securing the support of 169 out of 275 members of the House of Representatives. On January 10, 2023, he received votes from 268 out of 270 attending members.

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