Marian Lypy

Marian Lypy

Leader of the Democratic Party of Moldova
Date of Birth: 20.06.1966
Country: Moldova

Biography of Marian Lupu

Marian Ilich Lupu was born on June 20, 1966, in the city of Beltsy, Moldavian SSR, to schoolteachers Ilya and Larisa. At the age of 6, Marian and his parents moved to Chisinau, where he graduated from School No. 1 in 1983, which was later renamed the George Asachi Romanian-French High School. After high school, Lupu enrolled in the Chisinau State University and graduated with honors in 1987 from the Faculty of Trade and Economics. He then continued his education in the graduate schools of the G.V. Plekhanov Moscow Institute of National Economy and the Chisinau State University, defending his dissertation on economics in 1991. In Russian-language biographies, Lupu's academic degree is referred to as "Doctor of Economics," but the English version of the Moldovan Parliament's website states that he holds a Ph.D. in Economy. The website Left.Ru reported that he obtained this degree in Moscow. In 1991, Lupu started working in the Department of External Economic Relations of the Ministry of Economy of Moldova. Simultaneously, from 1992 to 2000, he served as the Executive Director of the European Union Program to Support Economic, Social Reforms, and Democratic Transformations (TACIS) in Moldova. In 1994, Lupu took courses in macroeconomics at the IMF Institute in Washington, and in 1996, he attended courses on international trade held by the World Trade Organization's special division, which was renamed the WTO Training Institute in Geneva in 2001.
In 1996, Lupu became the Head of the Department of External Economic Relations of the Ministry of Economy of Moldova. In May 2001, he was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Ministry of Economy, and in August 2003, he became the Minister of Economy. Lupu was first elected to the Parliament of Moldova in the March 2005 elections as part of the victorious Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) list, although he was not a member of any party at the time. Lupu resigned from his position as Minister of Finance and was elected a member of the Standing Bureau and Chairman of the Parliament in late March 2005. Later that year, he joined the PCRM. In 2006, Lupu was the second most popular politician in the country after Moldovan President Vladimir Voronin.
During his tenure as Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament, Lupu supported the country's course towards European integration, called for dialogue with Transnistria, and the withdrawal of Russian troops from the self-proclaimed republic. He also spoke about the need to reform the PCRM, including changing its name. In early April 2009, Moldova held parliamentary elections, which were supposed to elect a new head of state, as well as form a government and governing bodies. Lupu ranked second on the PCRM's pre-election list. The Communists won the elections with 50 percent of the votes, but this was not enough for the party to independently elect a president. After the elections, mass street protests took place in Chisinau, resulting in the devastation of the parliament building. The recount of the votes did not change the election results, and the PCRM could not secure the approval of Zinaida Greceanii as president. According to the constitution, the incumbent president, Voronin, announced the dissolution of the parliament and early elections.
On June 10, 2009, Lupu announced that he "did not want to participate in dirty games of the PCRM," left the party, and after unsuccessful negotiations with the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (LDPM), joined the Democratic Party of Moldova (DPM). At the end of the month, he was elected the party's leader and headed its list in the early parliamentary elections. Lupu stated that his party would not support the communist candidate for president. However, according to some analysts, Lupu's move to the DPM was a "project" of the communists: according to polls, the DPM could have taken second or third place in the parliamentary elections, attracting votes from the radical opposition and confirming the communist candidate for president. However, according to political analysts, if even one of the DPM deputies voted in favor of the communist candidate, it would have put an end to Lupu's political career. The press speculated that Lupu would run for president himself and become a compromise candidate for both the communists and the opposition, and in the event of his election, he would be well-received by the European Union. On the day of the parliamentary elections on July 29, 2009, Lupu declared his intention to strengthen partnership with Russia.
Preliminary election results showed that the PCRM received 45 percent of the votes, guaranteeing them 48 seats in parliament, the LDPM - 16.4 percent, the Liberal Party of Moldova - 14.4 percent, the DPM - 12.6 percent, and the "Our Moldova Alliance" party - 7.4 percent of the votes. According to these results, the opposition would receive 53 mandates and still could not independently elect a new president without the communists. Lupu is married to his wife Victoria. They have a daughter, Alexandra (born in 1995), and a son, Christian (born in 1997). Lupu is fluent in Moldovan, Russian, French, and English.

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