Mohammad Zahir Shah

Mohammad Zahir Shah

King of Afghanistan
Date of Birth: 15.10.1914
Country: Afghanistan

Content:
  1. Biography of Mohammad Zahir Shah
  2. Challenges in Domestic Politics
  3. Life in Rome
  4. Until the events of autumn 2001, Zahir Shah lived in Rome.

Biography of Mohammad Zahir Shah

Mohammad Zahir Shah was the King of Afghanistan who ascended to the throne following the assassination of his father, Mohammad Nadir Shah, by terrorists in November 1933. For many years, he remained in the shadows, avoiding interference in current politics. He first made a significant impact in 1964 when he proposed a constitution that established a constitutional monarchy in Afghanistan and prohibited the royal family from holding high positions in the state. He attempted several projects for the country's economic development with the support of the United States and the Soviet Union, while maintaining a position of neutrality in international politics.

Challenges in Domestic Politics

In domestic politics, Zahir Shah faced demands for autonomy from the Pashtun tribes living along the border with Pakistan. He was deposed as a result of a bloodless coup on July 17, 1973, while he was in Italy, and abdicated the throne on August 24, 1973. Power was seized by his cousin, General Sardar Mohammad Daoud, who declared Afghanistan a republic and appointed himself as the president.

Life in Rome

Until the events of autumn 2001, Zahir Shah lived in Rome.

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